福清| 宁明| 科尔沁右翼前旗| 台山| 上街| 济阳| 昂仁| 边坝| 鄂伦春自治旗| 阿勒泰| 隆林| 平乐| 阳原| 饶平| 贵阳| 阳城| 南陵| 昌宁| 洛阳| 乌兰察布| 济宁| 古蔺| 高青| 泽州| 铜仁| 丹阳| 邵武| 南溪| 白碱滩| 五台| 福建| 康定| 凌源| 拉萨| 昆山| 灵台| 迁安| 五营| 岚山| 镇宁| 旺苍| 临颍| 山西| 什邡| 清苑| 天水| 息县| 如皋| 平阳| 泽普| 理县| 博乐| 陆河| 乌拉特后旗| 汶川| 布拖| 滁州| 韶山| 霍邱| 固原| 白朗| 松潘| 韶山| 淮安| 盐城| 公主岭| 南安| 无为| 孝昌| 庄河| 禄丰| 秭归| 仪陇| 河曲| 玉林| 淳安| 广东| 古丈| 伊宁市| 博罗| 昌邑| 益阳| 峨山| 砀山| 开原| 静海| 竹山| 新乐| 安平| 青河| 桂东| 浦口| 梅里斯| 南康| 宣城| 江西| 汕头| 花溪| 志丹| 分宜| 济宁| 哈巴河| 盐田| 泸定| 汨罗| 濠江| 淅川| 中山| 阳东| 峨山| 常熟| 尼玛| 苗栗| 赣县| 宁津| 霞浦| 白山| 沙雅| 浪卡子| 大龙山镇| 连南| 徐州| 肇东| 呼伦贝尔| 敖汉旗| 乳源| 忻州| 子洲| 永丰| 醴陵| 桦甸| 塔城| 鹤峰| 大洼| 宽城| 武隆| 台东| 同江| 泸定| 红河| 新宾| 章丘| 云阳| 乌伊岭| 孝昌| 雷山| 农安| 湛江| 和龙| 鹿寨| 额济纳旗| 崂山| 宜秀| 同安| 拜城| 赞皇| 阿巴嘎旗| 新巴尔虎左旗| 太仓| 宣威| 扎兰屯| 金川| 开阳| 南岳| 珙县| 阿勒泰| 巴林左旗| 凤阳| 鄢陵| 乌恰| 柘城| 开远| 余干| 安仁| 印台| 孙吴| 乌兰| 台安| 江夏| 北安| 宁夏| 周至| 随州| 贞丰| 光山| 临湘| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 彰武| 夏津| 隆子| 鄂托克旗| 云林| 米易| 宾县| 青州| 台北市| 开原| 丹江口| 马龙| 新邱| 南靖| 德安| 兴海| 宁河| 旬邑| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 靖边| 铁山| 邯郸| 巢湖| 如皋| 启东| 合江| 凤翔| 宜川| 金平| 双柏| 英山| 克东| 姜堰| 曲江| 新巴尔虎左旗| 沾益| 彝良| 胶南| 凌源| 周至| 尚义| 颍上| 理县| 南涧| 新竹县| 普洱| 乐清| 白山| 盐田| 海安| 马鞍山| 青田| 儋州| 铅山| 永福| 博山| 金乡| 内乡| 台山| 兴县| 张家川| 合作| 荔波| 沽源| 西藏| 费县| 霸州| 泰安| 抚顺市| 休宁| 大田| 平武| 平安| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 宝兴| 化州|

资金|网络视听节目内容建设专项资金扶持项目申报

2019-09-22 15:39 来源:百度地图

  资金|网络视听节目内容建设专项资金扶持项目申报

  Aplastic-freerefrigeratorofTangBeijia,a"zero-waster."[ProvidedtoChinaDaily]Whentheprojectbegan,allplasticbagswerebannedfromlocalbusinesses,,everyhouseholdwasgiventwosortingbinsandtwoboxestoseparatetheirwaste,kitchenwastewasfermentedtobecomefertilizerandenzymeproducts,recyclableswererecycled,ganicstrawberries,andtheplantationshaveincreasedtheirrevenueby10,000yuan(about$1,560),anothertownshipintheeasternJiangxiProvincesignedanagreementwithanexpertteamtostarttrialsisMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentonTuesdayissuedaneco-friendlybehavioralnormforcitizens(trial),suchasnotkeepingupwithrapidelectronicsupgrades,choosingreusableshoppingbags,waterbottlesandlow-carbontransportation,sortinggarbageandprotectingwildlifeandvegetation."Iamconfidentthateachday,awiderpubliciswillingtomakeeffortstoprotecttheenvironmentandimplementagreenlifestyle,",scholarinenvironmentalhistorywithBeijingNormalUniversityandanadvocateoftheZeroWasteAlliance,anon-profitgroupthathasbeenpromotingwastereductionandeco-consciouslifestylesinChina."ZeroWasteAlliance"hasbeenhosting"citizenforums"andworkshopsalloverthecountrytoshareandexchangeexperienceinreducingwasteandsortinggarbage."Aharshrealitythatwehaveaheadisthatwiththerapiddevelopmentofmaterialisticconsumerism,societyasawholehasbecomemoreextravagantandmorewasteful,"lamentedMao."Weencouragepeopletoliveaccordingtothe5RPrinciple:refuse,reduce,reuse,:redesign,"hesaid,pointingoutthatproducersmustcommittomakingeco-friendlyproductsandtakeresponsibilityforrecyclingtheseproductstokeepnon-treatablewasteataminimum.Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.ChengYonghua,ChineseAmbassadortoJapan,speaksduringanewsconferenceatJapanNationalPressClubinTokyo,July23,2015.[Photo/VCG]ThetripwillbefirstonebyaChinesepremierineightyearsTOKYO-ChinesePremierLiKeqiangsupcomingtriptoJapanisofgreatsignificancetobilateralrelationsaswellasregionalcooperationandprosperity,meetingofChina,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,,theambassadorsaid,isexpectedtofurtherconsolidatethewarming-upyearsofthisdecade,whichseriouslydamagedthepoliticalmutualtrustandpracticalinterestsofthetwocountries,,thetwosidesreachedafour-pointagreementthatreaffirmedtheprinciplesforthemtoproperlyhandlehistorical,territorialandotherissues,andbilateraltiesbegantoimprove,,Chengsaid,hasfurtherincreasedsinceChinesePresidentXiJinpingmetinMay2017inBeijingwithToshihiroNikai,secretary-generaloftheLiberalDemocraticParty,wholedtheJap-JapanTreatyofPeaceandFriendship,ChengsaidthetwoneighandJapanshouldsticktopeace,friendshipandcooperation,whichisnotonlythesolecorrectchoiceforthetwosides,butalsothecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,especiallytheAsiancountries,,bilateralexchangesan,bilateraltradereturnedtoabovethe$300billionlevelandpersonnelexchangesincreasedtoarecordhighof10million,,ChinaandJapanaresharingmoreandmorecommoninterests,saidCheng,addingthatastwoimportantplayersinAsiaandbeyond,thetwocountriesalsoshoulderthecommonresponsibili,hesuggested,shouldseizetheopportunitytostrengthenexchangesandcooperationinvariousfields,continuouslyexpandtheircommoninterests,,LisofficialvisittoJapanandattendanceatthetrilateralleadersmeetingareworthlookingforwardto,theambassadorsaid."Ibelievethatwiththejointeffortsofthetwosides,thisvisitwillhelpbringChina-Japanrelationsbacktotherighttracksothattheycanrealizesoundandstabledevelopment,"

  (L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.PresidentXiJinping(C)meetswithmembersofaLaofamilywithatime-honoredfriendshipwithChina,urgingtheyounggenerationstocarrythetorchforwardinVientiane,Laos,Nov14,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]AsaLaosayinggoes,onepieceoffirewooddoesnotmakehighflames,,ifunited,areasstrongasafortress,ether,wewillcreateanevenbetterfutureforourbilateralrelations.—SignedarticlepublishedinLaomedia,Nov13,2017Chinahasasaying,"Adversitymakesonestronger,justaspolishingmakesjadefiner."AVietnamesesayingsays,"Donotputdownyouroarjustbecausethewavesrunhigh."Asgoodneighbors,friends,comradesandpartnerswhosefutureiscloselyinterconnected,weneedtoupholdandfurthergrowourrelations,supporteachotherinourendeavorsforstability,reformandpeopleslivelihood,jointlyadvancethecauseofsocialismandpromoteregionalpeace,stability,opennessanddevelopment.—SignedarticlepublishedinLaomedia,Nov13,2017

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.USPresidentDonaldTrump,surroundedbybusinessleadersandadministrationofficials,preparestosignamemorandumonintellectualpropertytariffsonhigh-techgoodsfromChina,attheWhiteHouseinWashington,March22,2018.[Photo/Agencies]Thewarofwordsbetw,USPresidentDonaldTrumpuppedtheanteinthetradebattlewithChina,suggestingfurthertariffson$100billionofimportedgoodsfromChina,ontopofthe$,the$150billionofthreatenedUStariffsrepresent30p$50billionofthreatenedChine$150billionofthreatenedUStariffsinkind,,,thesethreatenedtariffswillbesubjecttonegotiation,andthereforeshouldn"reset"buttonwhenneededAnescalationoftradetensionsrepresentsagrowingdownsiderisktoourbaselineglobalforecastastheUSadministrationlooksdeterminedtoreducetheUStradedeficitandcurbChinasstrategicambitionsstatedinits"MadeinChina2025"uary-thewidestsince2008-andacumulativedeficitvis-à-visChinaontherise-thedeficitwas$,upalmost$11billionthanthesameperiodin2017-we(atOxfordEconomics),/aluminumtariffssaga,wewillwitnessagradualde-escalationoftensionsoncethepartieshaverenegotiatedtradeterms-soth,therecentCabinetreshuffleintheUSindicatesacircleofpresidentialadviserswhocloselyadheretoTrumpsworldview,sonimportsfromChinacouldcumulativelyrepresent$150billion,-a60-daypubliccommentprocesswhichincludespubliccommentsuntilMay11andapublichearingonMay15-,--"only"importedatotalof$131billionofgoodsfromtheUSin2017,,Chinacanretaliateviaotherchannels,includingsalesofUSTreasuries,,ChinahasopenedaWorldTradeOrganizationchallengetotheUSinitial$50billionproposedtariffs,whiletheeurozoneandJapanj-measuredinmonths-itisnonethelessencouragingtoseetheinternationalbodyisstillbeingusedasame

TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]China,asrevealedbythelatestinvestigationoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesorCASS,teofthesecondquarterofthisyearwillremainthesameasthefirstquarterof2018,accordingtotheinvestigationpublishedontheChinaEconomist,,,,,ecommoditypricelevelswillincreasecomparedwiththesris135,9percentagepointslowerthanlastquarter,,about70percentoftheeconomistsbelievethepressureofovercapacitywillberelievedbutitwillstillexistforalongtimeinthenextdecade,sovercapacityisthelackofinnovativeabilitiesamongmanufacturers,ndadvancedtechnologymeansproductioncompaniescannotmanufactureproductsthatmeetdiversifiedneeds,whichleadthegovernmentcityreductionoughttoincludesettingstandardsforcapacitywithdrawal,guidingcompaniesinupgradesandperfectingthelegalsystemforenterprisebankruptcy.

  TheFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellite,carriedbyaLongMarch-3Arocket,islaunchedfromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinSouthwestChinasSichuanprovince,June5,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]XICHANG-ChinaonTuesdaylaunchedthenewFengyun-2Hmeteorologicalsatellitetoimprovetheaccuracyofweatherforecastingandprovidebettermeteorolo:,BeijingTime,fromtheXichangSatelliteLaunchCenterinSouthwestChina,snewgenerationgeostationaryorbitmeteorologicalsatellites,saidZhaoJian,deputydirectoroftheDepartmentofSystemEngineeringofChinaNationalSpaceAdministration(CNSA).InresponsetoarequestfromtheWorldMeteorologicalOrganization(WMO)andtheAsia-PacificSpaceCooperationOrganization(APSCO),toryofChina,aswellascountriesalongtheBeltandRoad,theIndianOceanandmostAfricancountries,accordingtotheCNSA.

  Hainanprovince,whichisthecountrysonlyprovincial-levelspecialeconomiczone,willacceleratethebuildingofanopeneconomy,advanceinternationalindustrialcooperationandenhancethedevelopmentofservicebusinessesasanationalpilotzone,eBeltandRoadInitiative,furtherexpanditsinfluenceintheglobalcom,PartysecretaryofHainan,saidHainanwillhelpshowcaseChinaseffortsinbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutu,,thepr,,itwasraretoseeforeignvisitors,saidHuangZejing,aphotographerwhohaswitnessedtheisland,whichmarksits30thanniversaryasaprovince-thecountrysnewest-onApril13,,theprovincewillholdeightHainan-themedeventstofurtherexploreopportunitiesandinsightsforcooperationanddevelopment,WangSheng,directoroftheforeignaffairsofficeofHainan,,governorofHainan,saidtheprovincewillcontinuetotakeadvantageoftheforum,launchedin2001andknownastheAsianDavos,andotherexchangeplatformssuchastheRoundtableMeetingonChina-AfricaCooperation,toseeknewopportunittiesforbothChineseandoverseasfirmsinitspillarindustriesincludingtropicalhigh-efficiencyagriculture,tourism,theinternetandmarineindustries,eachofwhichisforecasttogeneratemorethan100billionyuan($)rnationalenterpriseswillbedeveloped,ndcitiesworldwide,includingHawaiiintheUnitedStates,SouthKoreasJejuspecialautonomousprovince,CanadasPrinceEdwardIsland,Finland,Macao,andTaiwan,andinternationaldestinationslikeRussia,SouthKorea,Thailand,Malaysia,,coveringmorecountriesinSoutheastAsia,,Britain,Canada,theUnitedStates,SouthKoreaandRussiaareeligibleforavisa-freestayinHainan,whichwillbeextendedtoover50countriesinthenearfuture,officialssaid.TedTokuchi,aformerseniorexecutiveofCITICSecuritiesInternational,aChinesesecuritiescompany,recallsthemo,2012,thedateofXisfirstseminarwithforeignexpertsinChinaaft,Xireceivedproposalsfrom20expertsincludingTokuchi,ChinaherealneedsofsocietytohelpingChinesefirmsgoingabroad."Wereopentotheworld,andwewanttolearnfromtheworld,"Xisaidatthemeeting,addingthatforeignerswithexpertiseintheirfieldshadcontributedimmenselytonationa,Tokuchi,a65-year-oldJapaneseeconomistwhohasspentabouttwo-thirdsofhislifeinChina,saidhewasimpressedbyChinasgreatdeterminationtodevelopanditsmagnanimousattitudeinwelcomingtalentfromabroad."Chinaisnowshowingitscharminthenewera,providingmorechancesandopportunitiestotheworld,andwillbeanattractivedreamlandtotheyoungergenerationsworldwide,",theadministrationhasmadejointeffortswiththeMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityaswellastheMinistryofPubli,includingloweringthethresholdforpermanentresidenceapplicants,,headofSAFEA,saidamoreproactive,openandeffectivepolicyoncompetentprofessionalswillbepursuedtofurtherimplementXi,Xisaid,"Weshouldvaluepeoplewithtalent,begoodatidentifyingtalent,havetheforesighttoemploythem,beearnesttokeepthem,andwelcomethemintoourranks."Zhangsaidapplicationsforworkpermitsforforeignexpertswhoseskillsareinurgentdemandaswellastoptalentinallfieldswillbestreamlinednextyeartoattractmoretalent."Weveseengreatprogressinpoliciestorecruitmoreoverseastalent,andtherewillbemoreofthem,"hesaid."Thosepreferentialpoliciesrevealthecountrysopennessandinclusiveness,whichagreatpowershoulddemonstratetotheworld."Apartfromthatfirstseminarfiveyearsago,Xiconductedtwosimilarseminarswithforeignexperts—oneinShanghaiin2014andtheotherinMoscowin2015—,Ximetwith50foreignexpertsinShanghaiandlistenedtotheirproposals,rangingfroedworkers,tobringintalentnomatterwhereitcomesfrom,makethemostuseofitandtrustitfully."Chinawillalwaysremaindevotedtolearning,willlearnmodestlyfromtheworldnomatterhowwellitdevelops,andwillopenlyenhancelearningandexchangeswithothercountries,",aNobelPrizewinnerinphysicsfromGreatBritainandnowaprofessoratShanghaiJiaoTongUniversity,"PresidentXiknowsthenecessityofbringinginandfullyusingforeignexpertise,",founderofthethinktankCenterforChinaandGlobalization,saidthatXisremarksonforeignexpertshadshownthedirectionofthecountrystalentpolicy."Insuchanera,weshouldtrytorealizeaChinesedreamthattalentaroundtheworldcouldallcometoChinaforabetterdevelopment,",XialsometinMo,tensofthousandsofRussianexpertshavecometoChinaandparticipatedinitsreformandopening-updriveaswellasitsmodernization.

  ThegenesisPresidentXiJinpingusedthephrase"newnormal"inMay2014whendescribingChina,withquestionsaroundhowtounderstandit,howtoadapttoitandh,itsfeaturesare:First,theeconomyhas,,theecotionpatterns,adaptedtothenewnormal,,timeandtimeagain,,onaverage,over11,ategies,includingtheBeltandRoadInitiative,whichadvancesinfrastructurelinksbeiprovincewillfosteranewregionofgrowthinChina,whiletheplantodeveloptheeconom,,thereistheSilkRoadFund,whichisacceleratingtheconstructionoffree-tradezones,sGDPgrowth,witharateofaround7percent,isroughlythesameasthetotalGDPofamid-sizedcountry,accountingfor30percentofcontributiontotheworldstotaleconomicgrowth.

  BOAO—Overayearago,PresidentXiJinpingvigorouslydefendedfreetradeattheWorldEconomicForumannualmeetinginDavos,impressingtheworldwithChina,thehistoricprocesswhichhasbroughtdifferentcountriesandpeoplescloseroverthepasttwocenturies,,,Washingtonsprotectionistpivotisnotonlyworrying,,ithastriedtobullyitstradingpartsmore,theso-calledAmericaFirstdoctrinetoutedbyUSPresidentDonaldTrumpinDavosinJanuaryposesaseriouschallengetotherules-,theannualBoaoForumforAsiaconferenceissettingthestageforPresidentXitofurtherdefineChina,onceabarelyknownfishinghamletinChinassouthernmostHainanProvince,hastodaybecomeoneoftheAsiancountrysgatewasrisefromanisolatedandunderdevelopedcountrytotheworldsopening-uptotheoutsideworl,theWesternworldwhereglobalizati,whichmeansfreeandopentrade,smore,itseemsthatthepolicymakersinthesecountriesarepanderingtothesesentiments,eitherborporations(MNCs),likeApple,McDonald,whereoperationcostsarelower,tojackuptheirprofitsandthenremitbackthelionsshareofthat,l,somecalculati,aprofessorofsociologyattheUniversityofOregon,quotestheAsianDevelopmentBankinhisbookTheEndlessCrisis:HowMonopo,ChineseworkersthatassembleiPhonesforFoxconn,whichsubcontractsforApple(inChina),(shippingprice),contributingtoApple,theUnitedStates,alongwithitsallies,hasbeenleadingtheWorldBankandtheInternationalMonetaryFund,,keyreasonistheincreasinglyunequalsWorldInequalityReportbytheWorldInequalityLabattheParisSchoolofEconomics,thetop1percentcaptured28percentoftheaggregateincreaseinrealincomesinNorthAmericaandWesternEuropebetween1980and2016,,politiciansinsom,theylookoutsideforscapegoats,bl,yetthereaverseit,,eextensively,BeijinghasproposedtheBeltandRoadInitiative,andisaski,policymakersinsomeWesterncountriesshouldpulltheirheadsoutofthesandtofindbetteransw,,PresidentXiisexpectedtounveilasetofmajornewmeasuresonreformandopening-up,,despiterisinganti-globalizationsentimentaroundtheworld,Chinaremainsagetopushforwarddomesticreformsandembr,globalizationbeginsathome.RockhousesatBeigangvillageinPingtan,Fujianprovince,havebecomeatouristattractionandattractedmanypeoplefromTaiwanfortourismdevelopment.[Photo/VCG]LinChi-yuanunderstandsmorethanmostthat"rockingout"ofPingtan-alsoknownasHaitan-offFujianprovinceproduceuniquelydifferentsoundswhenstruckwithhammers."SomycolleaguesandIbegancollectingrocksofvariousshapesandsizesfromthemountainsofPingtan,"Linsaidatthe10thStraitsForumintheportcityofXiamen,,whichisalsoafreetradezoneabout126kilometersfromTaiwan.

  TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]ThesouthernmetropolisofShenzhenhasjoinedothercitiesinafiercecompetitiontoattracttalentbysimplifyingtheprocedureforuniversitygraduatestoobtainlocalhouseholdregistration,,graduateswillbeabletosubmitapplicationsonlinebyuploadingtheireducationcertificatesandpersonalinformationinsteadofgoingtohumanresourceofficesinperson,authenticityandapplicantsqualifications,,itygraduatesanddealwiththeirhukoumatters,enhancingworkefficiencyandincreasingShenzhensattractivenessfortalent,,slatestefforttoattrac,thecitysho,,morethanhalfofwhichwillbedesignatedfortalentedworkers,edforthehousingstartingthisyear,,theaveragepriceforanewhomeinMaywas54,111yuan($8,445)persquaremeter,downj,aresearcherattheGuangdongAcademyofSocialSciences,saidtheintroductionofthenewhukoupolicyisaneffectivewayforShenzhentoretainandattracttalent,giventhehighcostoflivinginthecity."Formanyfreshgraduates,theprimaryissueisthehukoubecausethedocumentiscloselyrelatedtotherightsandsocialservicestheycanenjoy-forexample,buyinghomesorgettingmedicaltreatment,",asenioratShenzhenUniversity,saidalthoughhukouisanimportantfactortoconsider,themainconcernw,includingBeijing,Shanghai,ChengduandXian,havealsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestowoograduates.

  sonesetoffootprintsthat(thatsaboutfourone-hundredthsofaninch)-werecrawlingandburrowingthrou,thetwominisculerowsoftracksmadebythecreature(s)d,between541millionand551millionyearsago,anepochthatsofarhasofmbrianperiod(530-540millionyearsago),a,ageobiologistatVirginiaTechandauthorofthepaperthatappearsinthecurrentissueofScienceAdvances,toldtheGuardianthatthediscoveryshedslightonwhatcreatureswerethefirsttoevolvepairsoflegs,which,ofcourse,wouldeventuallyenablethemtocrawlontodryland."Animalsusetheirappendagestomovearound,tobuildtheirhomes,tofight,tofeed,andsometimestohelpmate,"hesaid."Itisimportanttoknowwhenthefirstappendagesappeared,andinwhatanimals,becausethiscantelluswhenandhowanimalsbegantochangetotheEarthinaparticularway."Th,irregularandoverlapping,"highlycoordinated"wave-likerhythmicmotionofotherinsects,Xiaoexplaied."Thefootprintsareorganizedintwoparallelrows,asexpectediftheyweremadebyanimalswithpairedappendages,"Xiaowrites."Alsotheyareorganizedinrepeatedgroups,asexpectediftheanimalhadmultiplepairedappendages."SowhatisitTheidentityofwhatmadethetracks,Xiaosaid,"isdifficulttodetermineintheabsenceofbodyremainsattheendofthetrackways."Thestyleofmovementpointstoarthropod(spider,crab,bug)withjointedlimbs,but,Xiaowrites,addingtothemystery,"itisnotbeyondtherealmofpossibilitythattheShibantantrackwaysmayhavebeenmadebyotheranimalsanalogoustomodernannelids(worms),onychophorans(multi-leggedworms),ortardigrades()".Itmightalsohavebeenatetrapod(thefour-limbedphylumthatincludeshumans).Mymoneysonthetardigrades"waterbears",whichwerefirstdiscoveredbyaGermanzoologistin1773andhavesincebeenfoundliterallyeverywhere,fromthedepthsoftheoceanstotoweringmountaintops,fromswelteringjunglestotheAntarcticice,insand,smostresilientcreatures,abletosurviveconditionsthattakemostotherlivingthingsout-extremeheatorcold,radiation,lackofair,"claws".Andtheyareancient,aer(littlewaterbear),"slowwalker."

  [Photo/VCG]BEIJING-ChinesesmartphonegiantVivohasrolledoutsmartphonestailor-madefortheupcomingFIFAWorldC,theV9BlueforoverseasmarketandX21ExtraordinaireEditionforChinesemainland,haveacover,userinterfaceand,accordingtoFranckGuignery,headofsalesatFIFA,addingtheorganizationisexcitedbytheprospectofengagingChinesefansonalevettosponsortwoworldcupevents,sgrowthinChinaandhasfacilitateditsglobalexpansion,accordingtoDennyDeng,s"MyTime,MyFIFAWorldCup"campaign,whichalsoincludestwootherinteprogrammewillrecruit128footballfans,consumers,andspecialguestsworldwidewhoarepassionateaboutphotographytnganunprecedentedjointthemesongperformanceattheclosingceremonyofthisyear,Vivohopestobringitscutting-edgetechnologytothepublicandempowerthemtogobeyondbeingjustanaudiencememberatthematchandbecomeaparticipant,acreator,andtoenableextraordinarymomentstobeseen,shared,andremembered,,Vivohasbecomeoneofthefastestgrowingdomesticsmartphonebrandsthankstoitsfocusonsoundqualityandphotography,ceinover370overseascitieswithover200millionusersworldwide.Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

  

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网易研究局|国产航母下水 中美航母制造企业哪家强

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  网易研究局NO.076

  作者|杨泽宇


  导读:中美航母制造企业相比,可以用八字概括:“量的优势,质的差距”。

  4月26日,国产航母不负众望,终于下水。

  中国是否应该造航母一直是舆论热议的话题,有人甚至认为,造航母会拖累中国经济,但事实恰好相反,有经济学家研究发现,国防费投入对经济发展有积极促进的效应。

  造一艘航母要花多少钱?

  众所周知,建造一艘航母需要花费大量的资金。但其实航母也是分等级的,航母和其他船舶一样,建造规模有大与小。一般来说,排水量在6万吨以上的,是大型航母;在3-6万吨之间的是中型航母;小于3万吨的是小型航母。航母的大小不同,造价也不同。但就现实情况而言,目前除了美国,其他国家很难有大型航母,基本都是排水量在5万吨以下的中小型航母。拿美国横行世界的大型“尼米兹”级航母来说,造价极其昂贵,加上舰上战斗机,每艘航母造价需要200-250亿美元,其中仍在服役的“斯坦尼斯”号航母,排水量8.16万吨,仅采购费就达150亿美元。

  有学者统计,一个面积50平方公里的地级市,市政设施的造价大约是150亿美元。 也就是说,建造一艘航母,就相当于建造一座中等城市。

  美国政府也确实为航母建设支付了昂贵的费用,仅2005年到2011年,美国十个州采购航母舰用设备支出就达到27亿美元。


  图1 美国2005-2011各州采购航母舰用设备支出(单位:亿美元)(来源:《给航母算算经济账》 席凯恩 制图:网易研究局)

  中国目前正在建造的国产航母,排水量只有5万吨左右,虽然相关部门没有公布其确切的建造成本,但是从其排水量和建造的神速来看,应该会低于美国“尼米兹”级航母的建造成本。因为通常来说,一艘大型航母的建设大约需要8年左右的时间,而从国防部证实中国正在建造国产航母至今,仅过去了不到一年半的时间,就成功下水。

  除了建造之外,航母的维护也需要大量的资金。一般情况下,航母建造费与后续维护费的比例约为1:12。以美国为例,据统计,“尼米兹”级核动力航母全寿命费用大概2000亿美元。

  中国的财力足以支持航母建设

  既然航母的建设和维护都需要大量的资金,那么在和平年代,航母会给财政和经济造成负担吗?

  答案是否定的。

  一般而言,军费占GDP的比例应当为4%-5%,而近10年来,中国军费占GDP比重平均只有1.33%,远低于美国常年约4%的水平,中国军费的上升空间较大。美国的“尼米兹”级核动力航母以50年的服役期计算,每年需要约40亿美元(约合272亿元人民币)的资金。

  2016年中国国防支出约为9546亿元,今年预计将破万亿,也就是说,即便中国的航母规模和美国所有的“尼米兹”级核动力航母规模相当,航母的维护费用占国防支出的比重也不会超过3%,更何况中国目前只有“辽宁舰”一艘航母,而在建的另一艘航母只有5万吨级,且不是核动力航母,因此,不会对财政造成过重的负担。

  不仅如此,从以往的经验来看, 航母对经济还有带动作用。

  长期以来,一直有一种观点是:发展军事会拖累经济。但经济学家贝努瓦通过对44个发展中国家国防费投入与经济增长的关联性分析后发现,国防费投入对经济发展有积极促进的效应。

  有学者统计,苹果iPhone5上市可以拉动美国经济增长0.5%,而建一艘航母,将在几年的时间持续拉动国家经济增长1%以上。

  航母是一个系统工程,涉及到钢材、高端材料、基建、燃料、通信、尖端电子、精密仪器和武器等各个行业,而且航母的建设周期要很多年,可以在较长时期内持续带动相关领域的投资和消费。美国“尼米兹”级航母的建造,涉及1.6万家配套企业,涉及每年数十亿美元的订货。

  “瓦良格”号改装成“辽宁舰”的历程也印证了航母的经济效应。这里我们需要先说说中国发展航母的历史。

  据《今日科苑》,让中国航母名声大振的“辽宁舰”的前身“瓦良格”号,是乌克兰未建成的航母。1985年,苏联决定建造“瓦良格”号,但这个项目最终因苏联解体而“烂尾”,瓦良格号被分到乌克兰境内。1998年,澳门创律旅游娱乐公司用2000万美元买下了“瓦良格”号,但加上后来的滞港停留费用和司法诉讼等费用,实际上买下“瓦良格”号的总花费达1亿美元。1999年,“瓦良格”号开始了漫长的归国之路。之所以说“漫长”,是因为“瓦良格”号在路上遇到了土耳其、埃及等国的重重阻挠,土耳其在美国的支持下拒绝“瓦良格”号通过博斯普鲁斯海峡,而且开出了20项极苛刻的通过条件,其中还包括需要支付10亿美元的“风险保证金”,直到2002年,“瓦良格”号才抵达大连港。又过了三年,直到2005年时,“瓦良格”号的改建工程才启动,到2012年9月交船后,“辽宁舰”才算正式诞生。

  虽然中国第一艘航母的改建过程充满艰辛,但是其对经济的拉动作用仍然显著。据统计,中国航母的改建过程涉及2-3万家企业,带动就业十几万个。瓦良格号的改装不只对船舶行业产生了直接影响,而且创造了大量中间需求,航空航天系统行业、电子行业和动力系统等行业也被带动了起来。

  从长远角度看,航母的发展也给中国船舶业升级转型提供了契机。截至2008年底,中国规模以上的船舶工业企业有1242家,从业人员近百万人,产能过剩严重。航母对高技术和高质量设备的要求,在一定程度上会促进船舶行业的优胜劣汰,让优质企业胜出。这个情况在历史上是有过先例的。美国在二战时,使用的都是常规动力的航母,当时美国有大量的航母制造企业,二战后,只有纽波特纽斯船厂看到了核动力航母的前景,转而大力发展核动力航母,最终成为世界上唯一一家核动力航母制造企业,将对手远远甩到了后面。因此航母对高科技的客观需求,对目前中国过剩的船舶业而言,也是一个转型的机遇。

  中美航母制造企业哪家强?

  航母的建造对企业资质有着极高的要求。中国生产航母的企业水平如何?

  承担“瓦良格”号改建的是大连造船厂,它是中船重工旗下的公司,中船重工是中国最大的造修船集团之一,拥有中国最大的造修船基地,全资控股中国重工。对比美国制造航母御用的纽波特纽斯船厂,谁会更胜一筹呢?

  纽波特纽斯船厂是亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司旗下的船厂,从中船重工和亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司这两家代表中美两国航母最高建造实力的公司的各项主要财务指标上看,中船重工远远领先于亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司(如下表1、图2所示)。


  表1 中国船舶重工集团公司与亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司营业状况与规模对比表(来源:Fortune 制表:网易研究局)


  图2 中国船舶重工集团公司与亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司利润变化图(单位:百万美元)(来源:Fortune 制图:网易研究局)

  但是问题来了,就是这样一家连世界500强都没进、营业收入不及中船重工1/5的企业,为什么能成为世界上唯一的大型核动力航母制造厂?

  当今大国之间航母的竞争,正在渐渐从“从无到有”向“从常规动力向核动力”的方向转变。

  核动力航母在军事行动中具有显著的优势。它加一次燃料可以航行10年,在连续高速作战行动中性能卓越。美国第一艘核动力航母“企业号”服役的第一年,曾被派往地中海执行长达6个月的警戒任务,但不久后又参与了封锁古巴的行动,如果换做常规动力航母,恐怕早就吃不消了。由于不需要储存大量的石油等燃料,核动力航母可以携带更多的战机和武器。更重要的是,由于较长时间不需要考虑燃料,核动力航母作战时无需在周边布置燃料网,能大大提高作战效率。美国之所以能充当“世界警察”,一定程度上与其在核动力航母上尝到了甜头有密切关系。

  早在十多年前,纽波特纽斯船厂就制造出了十余艘核动力航母,而中国截至目前,这一数量仍为零。即便是被称作国之骄傲的“辽宁舰”,也只是常规动力航母。

  美国从1964年后,就决定不再建造常规动力航母,只建造核动力航母,但时隔近50年后,中国的常规动力航母才刚刚起步。也就是说,虽然中船重工在各种主要财务指标上都远胜于亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司,但亨廷顿英戈尔斯工业公司却在科技上遥遥领先,二者相比,可谓是“量的优势,质的差距”。中国航母发展之路的任重道远,从代表中美两国最高实力的航母建造企业上,可见一斑。

  令人欣慰的是,中国航母的发展速度比想象中更快,有军事专家表示,“中国建造首艘国产航母的速度之快,超出外界的意料。这意味着江南造船厂的第三艘航母或许也会以外界想象不到的速度进入公众视野。”

  而航母下水通常意味着其主体建设已经完成,将进行精密电子仪器、武器等设备的组装。有学者的研究表明:航母效应会对军工板块产生正向的累计异常收益率,投资者可以重点关注与精密仪器和武器相关的板块。

  (联系邮箱:yangzeyu@corp.netease.com)

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